Endometriosis is defined as the presence of functioning endometrial glands and stroma outside of the uterine cavity.


Endometriosis is most commonly diagnosed between 25-29 years of age and its incidence peaks at approximately 40 years of age. The incidence of asymptomatic (no symptoms) endometriosis affects 2-22% of women, 40-60% of women with dysmenorrhea (extremely painful menses) and 20-30% of women with infertility.


Unfortunately, the cause behind endometriosis is idiopathic (unknown), but there are four current theories:

  1. Reflux and direct implantation theory
  2. Coelomic metaplasia theory
  3. Vascular dissemination theory
  4. Autoimmun disease theory


The signs and symptoms of endometriosis comprise of the classic triad:

  1. Dysmenorrhea (extremely painful menses)
  2. Pain during sexual intercourse
  3. Infertility


The diagnostic assessment tools used to diagnose endometriosis include:

  • Ultrasound
  • Colonoscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • MRI


From a Naturopathic standpoint, Dr. Moira Kwok ND will obtain a very thorough medical history in order to put all of your "puzzle pieces" together to form a whole picture of everything that is going on from a health perspective.  From this holistic approach to treatment, she will put together an individualized treatment plan based on a combination of dietary and lifestyle recommendations, supplements, botanicals, acupuncture and/or IV therapy that is based on your specific case.



  • Ferri FF.  2007.  Ferri’s Clinical Advisor: Instant Diagnosis and Treatment.  Mosby Elsevier: Philadelphia, PA.