High Blood Pressure (aka Hypertension)

High blood pressure or hypertension has several definitions and severities:

  • Pre-hypertension is defined as a systolic pressure of 120-139 mmHg or diastolic pressure of 80-89 mmHg
  • Stage 1 hypertension is defined as a systolic pressure of 140-159 mmHg or diastolic pressure of 90-99 mmHg
  • Stage 2 hypertension is defined as a systolic pressure of ≥ 160 mmHg or diastolic pressure of ≥ 100 mmHg

High blood pressure affects 10-14% of the adult population, especially in males and the elderly.


The causes of hypertension are:

  • primary or essential hypertension (most common)
  • Drug-induced or related
  • Renal hypertension
  • Endocrine
  • Coarctation of the aorta


Unfortunately, people who have high blood pressure can be completely asymptomatic except for the presence of a high blood pressure reading.


The following diagnostic assessments and tools are often used to diagnose hypertension:

  • Patient medical history including family history, diet, lifestyle and cardiovascular risk factors
  • Physical examination
  • Urinalysis, BUN and creatinine
  • Electrolytes
  • Blood glucose
  • Cholesterol panel
  • ECG


From a Naturopathic standpoint, Dr. Moira Kwok ND will obtain a very thorough medical history in order to put all of your "puzzle pieces" together to form a whole picture of everything that is going on from a health perspective.  From this holistic approach to treatment, she will put together an individualized treatment plan based on a combination of dietary and lifestyle recommendations, supplements, botanicals, acupuncture and/or IV therapy that is based on your specific case. 



  • Beers MH & Berkow R (Editors).  1999.  The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy (17th Ed.).  Merck Research Laboratories: Whitehouse Station, NJ.
  • Ferri FF.  2007.  Ferri’s Clinical Advisor: Instant Diagnosis and Treatment.  Mosby Elsevier: Philadelphia, PA.