High Cholesterol (aka Dyslipidemia or Hyperlipidemia)

High cholesterol, dyslipidemia or hyperlipidemia is defined as a total cholesterol (TC) level of ≥ 6.2 mmol/L, although a level between 5.2 to 6.2 mmol/L is considered borderline high.  In addition, the HDL ("good" cholesterol) levels may be < 0.9 mmol/L, the LDL ("bad" cholesterol) levels may be ≥ 4.0 mmol/L (with borderline high being between 3.5 to 3.9 mmol/L), and the triglyceride (TG) levels may be ≥ 3.0 mmol/L (with borderline high being between 2.0 to 3.0 mmol/L).


Dyslipidemia affects more than 50% of the adult population, with an increased prevalence with increasing age.


The primary causes of high cholesterol are:

  • Genetics
  • Obesity
  • Dietary factors

The secondary causes of high cholesterol are:

  • Alcohol, oral contraceptives, most diuretics and glucocorticoid use
  • Diabetes mellitus or hypothyroidism
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Hepatoma, extrahepatic biliar obstruction or primary biliar cirrhosis


Unfortunately, most people do not experience any symptoms for high cholesterol at all.  This is why it is extremely important to live a healthy lifestyle and regularly check your cholesterol levels.


Always be aware of the following complications that may arise:

  • Atherosclerosis or coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • peripheral artery disease
  • Myocardia infarction (heart attack)
  • Pancreatitis


The following diagnostic tests are used to diagnose dyslipidemia or hypercholesterolemia:

  • Lipid profile including TC, HDL, LDL and TG levels


From a Naturopathic standpoint, Dr. Moira Kwok ND will obtain a very thorough medical history in order to put all of your "puzzle pieces" together to form a whole picture of everything that is going on from a health perspective.  From this holistic approach to treatment, she will put together an individualized treatment plan based on a combination of dietary and lifestyle recommendations, supplements, botanicals, acupuncture and/or IV therapy that is based on your specific case. 



  • Beers MH & Berkow R (Editors).  1999.  The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy (17th Ed.).  Merck Research Laboratories: Whitehouse Station, NJ.
  • Ferri FF.  2007.  Ferri’s Clinical Advisor: Instant Diagnosis and Treatment.  Mosby Elsevier: Philadelphia, PA.