Type 2 Diabetes aka Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM)

Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is defined as high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) due to many different causes.


The incidence of type 2 diabetes increases with age − in fact it affects 2% of people between the ages of 20-44 versus 18% of people between the ages of 65-74.


The causes of type 2 diabetes include:

  • Hereditary factors
  • Environmental factors such as obesity or sedentary lifestyle


The signs and symptoms of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Numbness & tingling in the hands and/or feet
  • Decreased sensation in hands and/or feet


The diagnostic tests or results that are used to diagnose type 2 diabetes or NIDDM include:

  • Increased fasting glucose or non-fasting plasma glucose
  • Increased HbA1C (hemoglobin A1C)
  • Impaired oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)


Be aware that the following complications may arise:

  • Bacterial and/or fungal infections: due to decreased immunity caused by hyperglycemia, with the most common infections being oral thrush and vaginal yeast infections
  • Blindness: diabetes accounts for 8% of all legal blindness, and there is an increased frequency of cataracts, glaucoma and retinopathy in diabetic patients
  • Neuropathy: peripheral neuropathy is a common complaint and the symptoms include intense burning pain, numbness and/or tingling in hands and/or feet − especially worse at night
  • Cardiovascular disease: diabetic patients are twice as likely as non-diabetic patients to develop cardiovascular disease
  • Kidney disease: diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease
  • Foot ulcers: occur in 15% of diabetic patients and are the leading cause of hospitalization, and due to decreased immunity and peripheral neuropathy, the foot ulcer may get infected without the patient even noticing
  • Amputation of a lower limb: common due to severe peripheral vascular disease, intermittent claudication and gangrene


From a Naturopathic standpoint, Dr. Moira Kwok ND will obtain a very thorough medical history in order to put all of your "puzzle pieces" together to form a whole picture of everything that is going on from a health perspective.  From this holistic approach to treatment, she will put together an individualized treatment plan based on a combination of dietary and lifestyle recommendations, supplements, botanicals, acupuncture and/or IV therapy that is based on your specific case.




  • Beers MH & Berkow R (Editors).  1999.  The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy (17th Ed.).  Merck Research Laboratories: Whitehouse Station, NJ.
  • Ferri FF.  2007.  Ferri’s Clinical Advisor: Instant Diagnosis and Treatment.  Mosby Elsevier: Philadelphia, PA.